Intensive rhino ranching is essentially a captive breeding operation.
Rhinos are kept in large camps, with plenty of space for them to run around and keep fit. The habitat and area of the ranch have an effect on the sizes of the camps, as well as the intensity of management required.
Two male rhinos are generally kept with a few female rhinos. One male will be an adult breeding bull and the other male will be a young one. His role is to keep the older bull virile and active. The younger male will be young enough not to pose a threat to the bull (so as to avoid fights between them) but old enough to remind the bull that he has some potential competition.
The female rhinos are a mix of breeding females and their calves.
These rhinos are generally supplementary-fed every day and most aspects of their management is intensive.
These ranches are generally production-oriented and the health and welfare of the animals is carefully monitored and recorded. These ranchers spend large amounts of money on these rhinos and contribute greatly to the gene pool of rhinos as well as to rhino numbers in general.